- The weather has turned to spring early and everything is blooming early but beware of a cold snap and rainy weather in late April.
- Hives that have made it through the winter are most probably in good condition and the queens are laying good patterns.
- Early in the month continue to feed the hives with 1:1 sugar syrup. Stop the use of pro patties because there is plenty of pollen available by this time and small hive beetles love the patties.
- Recommend all feeding be done internally not externally.
- Swarming will be a possibility through April on into May, June and July.
- Every 7 to 10 day conduct a hive inspections so as to keep watch for rapidly expanding hives and the possibility for swarming.
- Be sure to check for the queen, the brood pattern, the number of frames of capped brood, eggs, swarm cells and etc.
- You might consider making splits from very strong hives.
- It is also the time to install packages of bees or Nuc’s.
- Good time to re-queen any hives that have weak queens or queens that are not laying or have a poor egg laying pattern.
- Need to remove all treatment for Varroa mites if you are going to place honey supers on the hives.
- Watch for small hive beetles and take action to control them.
- Add honey supers around mid-month because the nectar flow will have begun.
- Consider removing debris/observation boards from screened bottom boards by mid-month.
- Remove all entrance reducers by mid-month. Except for newly established hives that are still in the growth phase.
- In late April or early May after putting on honey supers, wait about a week before adding queen excluders so as to allow the bees to have free movement upward toward making honey in the supers. If you want to add queen excluders, make sure that the queen is not up in the supers. You can consider reversing hive bodies at this time that may help to avoid the queen moving up into the supers.
- You might consider making up Nuc's from existing strong hives by taking a couple of frames of brood if there is a lot of brood frames available in the hive and the queen is doing really good. You can consider allowing the hives to make new queens or purchase new queens for the Nuc’s. This all depends on your objectives to produce honey or to increase the number of hives you have.
- Recommend a ground cover under each hive such as 30# roofing felt/paper of similar material. Also suggest spreading salt on ground around under hive stands to control hive beetles, Varroa mites and other pest. This will only help control -- it is "not a prevention".
- The weather in April: Normally there is week toward the end of the month that turns cold and rainy—beware.
- If your primary objective is to produce honey then your efforts have to be focused on having healthy hives with a large population of bees. If you split hives or pull brood frames, you will most likely reduce the bee population and the honey production.
- Swarm Traps should already be up. Check them at least once every week.
- Swarm Catching and Removal: this is great fun and helpful but make sure that you are properly prepared and understand the liabilities and also how to properly manage a new swarm.
- Beehive swarm prevention should be a priority by making sure that the queen “always” has at least 4 to 5 frames in the center of the brood boxes for laying eggs and raising brood. The rotation of hive boxes is also a viable option. And making sure that the hive does not get honey/pollen/brood bound.
- The nectar flow will begin in April be prepared to start placing honey supers only on the healthy full of bees hives around the mid of the month.
- Avoid honey/pollen/brood bound hives: if a hive gets bound, it will swarm and/or the queen will stop laying and the population of bees will drop off significantly. Quick inspections of the hive and supers needs to be made every 5 to 7 days now through May--- This is necessary to make sure that the hives do not get brood/honey/pollen bound; that the queen always has 4 to 5 frames available in the brood boxes and also to add supers as needed.
Bee safe and bee healthy,